It doesn’t matter if you’ve been working as a professional web designer for years or you’re just beginning your career, learning how to build websites the right way can seem like a challenging and never-ending journey. After you’ve narrowed down what programming languages you want to know, you need to understand them on a deeper level and refine your skills. However, no matter what you learn, CSS is one of the essential yet daunting skills you need to master.
Cascading Style Sheets or popularly known as ‘CSS,’ is one of the best web design developments since the first graphical web browsers got adopted on a broader scale thanks to the increasing number of individuals using the internet. Where tables made in the past were made of ‘clunky’ and slow-loading web pages, CSS created more streamlined and usable pages. It has allowed web designers to develop several styles for different subjects like kinome profiling that only used to be possible with images.
With that in mind, whether you’re a beginner or an experienced CSS web designer, here are the techniques that every designer should know.
If you’re looking for full control of where a particular element is situated on your website, this CSS technique is what you need to do. It lets you control where inside the box a website element will stay. All you need to do is use top, right, bottom, and left accompanied by pixel values.
* + Selector
This technique allows web designers to choose all elements of a specific selector. For instance, if you used ‘*p’ and added CSS styles to that, it would apply it to all the elements included in the documents with tags, making it easier for web designers to target parts of their websites.
Overriding All Styles
It’s best to use this technique sparingly. That’s because if you use it for everything, you’ll eventually find yourself running into trouble down the line. But if you need to override another CSS web design for a particular element, use ‘!important’ after the style in your CSS. For instance, if you want the H2 headers in a different section of the page to be red instead of pink, you can use this technique.
A CSS property that has helped transform the internet is @font-face. That’s because, in the past, web designers had all types of limitations when it comes to font licensing, holding back this property. However, nowadays, there are many fonts you can choose from and an array of services built upon the ‘basic @font-face code.’ It’s best to use this technique manually with freely available fonts.
Keep in mind that some particular styles get missed by many designers, causing usability problems with website visitors. That’s why it pays to know the different ‘link states’ to help you create pages more efficiently and get off track. So, the ‘link pseudo-class’ lets you see all links that haven’t been clicked, and the ‘visited pseudo-class’ shows all visited link stylings. The technique lets website visitors see what they’ve explored on your website and what they have yet to see.
Apply CSS to Several Classes or Selectors
If you’re looking to apply identical borders around different images, such as the blog sections and the sidebars, you don’t need to write out the same CSS several times. All you need to do is lose those items out and separate them with commas. Doing this makes the process more organized, allowing you to design each web page more efficiently and quicker.
Content refers to a CSS property that can come in handy when you need to insert elements that you want to control in your web pages. The most common use for this technique is inserting an icon from an icon font in a particular place on the page, making the process streamlined and faster for you to finish.
Different online platforms possess default CSS settings, making it crucial to reset those to give yourself a uniform and uniformed ‘playing field.’ Think of the practice like building a house, and whether you construct on the side of mountains or sandy beaches, you’d naturally want that foundation to be level. This CSS reset technique allows designers to set a ‘standard’ base for all websites, providing them consistency in their CSS design starting points, removing unnecessary borders, paddings, line heights, list styles, and preset margins.
After learning the basics of how the CSS box model works and how you can flow these boxes, it’s time for you to level up your CSS designing skills-and the techniques mentioned are some of the ones you need to remember to help you build the design you want with ease.